Annotated Old Testament Bibliography – 2018
An annotated bibliography of Old Testament works by the Old Testament Faculty of Denver Seminary.
Hélène Dallaire, Knut Heim, and Richard S. Hess
Latest revision on January 2, 2018.
For the most part, this list considers English language studies and exegetical commentaries that have appeared within the last forty years, and especially within the past quarter century. However, there is much of value that predates this period. For one of the most useful and wide ranging bibliographies of earlier works, see:
“Premodern Readings,” for each book of the Old Testament in Richard S. Hess, The Old Testament: A Historical, Theological, and Critical Introduction. Baker, 2016.
Our hope is that the following list will continue to prove useful by regular updating. An older form of this annotated bibliography can be found in R. S. Hess and G. J. Wenham, eds., Make the Old Testament Live: From Curriculum to Classroom. Eerdmans, 1998, pp. 191-218. The volume itself is a unique collection of essays on teaching the Old Testament from a variety of perspectives. A special note of appreciation is due to Robert Hubbard and the late Robert Alden, whose earlier bibliography formed the basis for what follows. M. Daniel Carroll R. also made significant contributions during his years at Denver Seminary.
The following categories are found below:
Histories of Israel
Translations of Collections of Ancient Near Eastern Texts
Ancient Near Eastern Histories
Old Testament Canon/Textual Criticism
Sociological and Anthropological Studies
Feminist, Minority, and Third World Studies
Commentaries by Bible book (following the order of the Protestant canon)
AB = Anchor Bible
AOTC = Apollos Old Testament Commentary
BCOTWP = Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms
BBRS = Bulletin for Biblical Research Supplement
BST = The Bible Speaks Today
BTCB = Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible
CBC = Cambridge Bible Commentary
ConC = Continental Commentary
DSB = Daily Study Bible
ECC = Eerdmans Critical Commentary
FOTL = Forms of Old Testament Literature
HCOT = Historical Critical Commentary of the Old Testament
Herm = Hermeneia
ICC = The International Critical Commentary
Int = Interpretation
JPS = Jewish Publication Society Torah Commentary; and Jewish Publication Society Commentary
NAC = New American Commentary
NCB = New Century Bible
NCBC = New Cambridge Bible Commentary
NIBC = New International Biblical Commentary
NICOT = New International Commentary on the Old Testament
NIVAC = The NIV Application Commentary
OBT = Overtures to Biblical Theology
OTL = The Old Testament Library
SBTS = Sources for Biblical and Theological Study
SHBC = Smith & Helwys Biblical Commentary
TOTC = Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries
TTCS = Teach the Text Commentary Series
UBCS = Understanding the Bible Commentary Series
WBC = Word Biblical Commentary
WeBC = Westminster Bible Companion
WEC = Wycliffe Exegetical Commentary
*Exemplary in its category
Archer, Jr., Gleason A Survey of Old Testament Introduction. Revised edition. Moody, 1994. A conservative, occasionally polemical, always detailed and informative introduction.
Arnold, Bill T. and Bryan E. Beyer. Encountering the Old Testament: A Christian Survey. Third edition. Baker, 2015. Evangelical undergraduate survey with excellent photos, maps, charts, sidebars, and a CD with lots more photos. Helpful outlines of books and reviews of the most important ideas and terms.
Collins, John J. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible. Second edition. Fortress, 2014. An up to date and readable survey of Old Testament (and apocryphal) scholarship from the standpoint of modern criticism.
Eissfeldt, O. The Old Testament: An Introduction. trans. P.R. Ackroyd. Harper and Row, 1965. The classic liberal Protestant introduction.
*Hess, R. S. The Old Testament: A Historical, Critical, and Theological Introduction. Baker, 2016. An overview of the content and a comprehensive review of the major approaches to each book of the Old Testament.
Hill, Andrew E. and John H. Walton. A Survey of the Old Testament. Third edition. Zondervan, 2009. 800 pages of a book-by-book Evangelical summary of the Old Testament with plenty of colorful photos and illustrations.
Sweeney, Marvin A. Tanak: A Theological and Critical Introduction to the Jewish Bible. Fortress, 2011. Scholarly and critical introduction to the Old Testament as Jewish Scriptures, with a close text-by-text interpretation.
In addition to the commentary series noted in the Commentary section.
Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible. Baker. A careful, Evangelical discussion of the meaning of the biblical text whose primary purpose is to identify its theological significance.
The Church’s Bible. Eerdmans. A series on books of the Bible that assembles significant quotations from Patristic and later Christian commentators passage by passage through the book being studied. Isaiah (Wilken) and Song of Songs (Norris) have appeared thus far.
Dictionary of the Old Testament. InterVarsity Press. Four large volumes provide dictionaries exploring the major topics of the four divisions of the Pentateuch, with contributions from a variety of (mainly) Evangelical scholars: Pentateuch, Historical Books, and Wisdom, Poetry & Writing. The volume on the Prophets has not yet appeared.
The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Revised edition. Zondervan. These volumes revise the older Expositor’s Bible Commentary on the NIV, with important, concise exegesis for the pastor and teacher.
Forms of Old Testament Literature. Eerdmans. Analysis of books of the Old Testament in terms of their structure and the forms of literature found in them.
Guides to Biblical Scholarship: Old Testament Series. Fortress. The best set of paperback surveys of methods of Biblical interpretation.
Old Testament Guides. Sheffield Academic Press. These are the most useful for current discussions of the major interpretive issues and approaches on each book of the Old Testament.
The Oxford Encyclopediae. Oxford. Current, two-volume sets explore approaches to the Bible, including the Bible and Arts (T. Beal ed.), the Books of the Bible (M. D. Coogan ed.), the Bible and Ethics (R. L. Brawley ed.), the Bible and Theology (S. E. Balentine ed.), the Bible and Archaelogy (D. M. Master ed.), Biblical Interpretation (S. L. McKenzie ed.), the Bible and Gender Studiees (J. M. O’Brien ed.) the Bible and Law (B. Strawn ed.).
Septuagint Commentary Series. Brill. The first English attempt to produce a literary commentary on the Septuagint text, with special focus on Codex Vaticanus. Volumes on Genesis, Joshua, and some of the apocryphal books have appeared.
Sources for Biblical and Theological Study. Eisenbrauns. Collections of the most important articles in the particular field, whether specific biblical texts (e.g., R. Hess and D. Tsumura on Genesis 1-11) or on methods (e.g., C. E. Carter and C. L. Meyers on social sciences approaches).
Brueggemann, Walter. Theology of the Old Testament: Testimony, Dispute, Advocacy. Fortress, 1997. A provocative approach that structures the discussion around the metaphor and imagery of the courtroom.
*Carson, Donald A. NIV Zondervan Study Bible. Zondervan, 2015. With contributions by more than sixty Evangelical scholars, the introductions, notes, and special essays focus on biblical theology.
*Eichrodt, W. Old Testament Theology. 2 vols. OTL. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1961-67. Emphasis on the covenant. Along with von Rad, the giant in the field in the twentieth century.
Gentry, Peter J., and Stephen J. Wellum. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblcial-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. Crossway, 2012. A detailed and thorough analysis of the title’s themes based on the Hebrew text.
Goldingay, John. Old Testament Theology. Volume One. Israel’s Gospel. InterVarsity Press, 2003; Volume Two. Israel’s Faith. InterVarsity Press, 2006; Volume Three. Israel’s Life. InterVarsity Press, 2009. Evangelical and readable survey of the theological message of the narrative books of the Old Testament. Volume two considers major theological themes related to God, Israel and the nations. Volume three examines relational and personal topics.
*Routledge, Robin. Old Testament Theology: A Thematic Approach. IVP Academic, 2008. Useful for introducing the major themes discussed in Old Testament theology and the major biblical approaches to them.
Von Rad, G. Old Testament Theology. 2 vols. Harper and Row, 1962-65. Salvation history approach that tries to explain how Israelites did theology. Along with Eichrodt, the giant in the field in the twentieth century.
Waltke, Bruce K. An Old Testament Theology: An Exegetical, Canonical, and Thematic Approach. Zondervan, 2007. A great conservative Evangelical journey through the Old Testament.
Block, Daniel I. For the Glory of God: Recovering a Biblical Theology of Worship. Baker, 2014. A critical and biblical analysis of worship in the Bible and its implications for today’s church.
Hess, R. S., and G. Wenham, eds. Zion, City of Our God. Eerdmans, 1999. History, religion, and theology of Jerusalem as revealed in the variety of Old Testament literature.
Hess, R. S., and M. Daniel Carroll R., eds. Israel’s Messiah in the Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003. Current understanding of the role of the Messiah in the Bible and its context.
*Hess, Richard S., and M. Daniel Carroll R., eds. Family in the Bible: Exploring Customs, Culture, and Context. Baker, 2003. Unique examination of the family in each of the major sections of the Bible.
Satterthwaite, Philip E., Richard S. Hess, and Gordon J. Wenham, eds. The Lord’s Anointed: Interpretation of Old Testament Messianic Texts. Baker and Paternoster, 1995. A current assessment of the exegesis of key Old Testament texts.
*Arnold, Bill T. and Richard S. Hess. Ancient Israel’s History: An Introduction to Issues and Sources. Baker Academic, 2014. An up-to-date review of the questions and evidence surrounding the study of the Old Testament and the history it describes.
Bright, J. A History of Israel. 4th ed. Westminster John Knox, 2000. Standard of the last generation, heir of the Albright school.
Fleming, Daniel E. The Legacy of Israel in Judah’s Bible: History, Politics, and the Reinscribing of Tradition. Cambridge University, 2012. A significant, methodological rethinking of Israel’s history.
Miller, J. Maxwell and John H. Hayes. A History of Ancient Israel and Judah. Second edition. Westminster John Knox, 2006. An updating of a classic critical study.
Provan, Iain, V. Philips Long, and Tremper Longman III. A Biblical History of Israel. Second edition. Westminster John Knox, 2015. An Evangelical historiography.
*Rainey, Anson F. and R. Steven Notley. The Sacred Bridge. Carta’s Atlas of the Biblical World. Carta, 2006. See under Atlases. A more user friendly abridgement has appeared, Carta’s New Century Handbook and Atlas of the Bible. Carta, 2007.
Shanks, Hershel, ed. Ancient Israel. From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple. Third edition. Biblical Archaeology Society, 2010. Popular writing with each chapter written by one or two experts in the field.
Special Studies in History
*In the first decade of the twenty-first century a series of symposia by Evangelical (and other) Old Testament historians explored the current state of the field with special concern to answer recent challenges to the authenticity of biblical, historical claims. Some of the most important of these papers have appeared in the following four volumes:
- Block, Daniel I., Bryan H. Cribb, and Gregory S. Smith eds. Israel: Ancient Kingdom or Late Invention? B&H Academic, 2008;
- Hess, Richard S., Gerald A. Klingbeil, and Paul J. Ray Jr. eds. Critical Issues in Early Israelite History. Bulletin for Biblical Research Supplement 3. Eisenbrauns, 2008;
- Hoffmeier, James, K. and Alan Millard, eds., The Future of Biblical Archaeology: Reassessing Methodologies and Assumptions. Eerdmans, 2004;
- Long, V. Philips, David W. Baker, and Gordon J. Wenham, eds., Windows into Old Testament History: Evidence, Argument, and the Crisis of “Biblical Israel.” Eerdmans, 2002.
In addition, several recent contributions are worthy of note.
Hoffmeier, James K., and Dennis R. Magary, eds. Do Historical Matters Matter to Faith? A Critical Appraisal of Modern and Postmodern Approaches to Scripture. Crossway, 2012. A study of historical and introductory issues in light of current research and challenges.
Römer, Thomas. The So-Called Deuteronomistic History: A Sociological, Historical and Literary Introduction. T & T Clark, 2005. A useful and readable survey of this critical approach to the primary historical books of the Bible, from a position sympathetic to the theory.
Thiele, E. R. A Chronology of the Hebrew Kings. 2nd ed., Zondervan, 1983. Remains the most convincing interpretation of the chronology of the monarchy.
*Ebeling, Jennie, J. Edward Wright, Mark Elliott, and Paul V. M. Flesher (eds.). The Old Testament in Archaeology and History. Baylor University Press, 2017. Best up-to-date critical assessment on methods and examples of biblical archaeology by leading practitioners.
King, Philip J. and Lawrence E. Stager. Life in Biblical Israel. Library of Ancient Israel. Westminster John Knox, 2001. With color photos and drawings, this is the best discussion of the realia of life in biblical times.
*Kitchen, Kenneth A. On the Reliability of the Old Testament. Eerdmans, 2003. Evangelical application of archaeology and especially ancient Near Eastern texts to the Bible.
Meyers, Eric M. (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East. Five vols. Oxford University, 1997.
Stern, Ephraim (ed). The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. Simon and Schuster, 1995. 4 volumes. Supplementary Volume 5, Biblical Archaeology Society, 2008. Essential reference guide for sites.
Walton, John H. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary: Old Testament. 5 volumes. Zondervan, 2009. Enlisting dozens of Evangelical scholars, this work provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of the relationship between the Bible and all relevant primary sources contemporary with its origins.
Yamauchi, Edwin M., and Marvin R. Wilson eds., Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical and Post-Biblical Antiquity. Hendrickson, 2017. A thorough and remarkable collection of archaeological and especially textual data on a wide variety of cultural topics and the evidence for them in the Old and New Testament, in the Ancient Near Eastern and Greco-Roman worlds, and in the early Jewish and Christian worlds.
Near Eastern Archaeology (formerly Biblical Archaeologist)
Biblical Archaeology Review
Aharoni, Yohanan, Michael Avi-Yonah, Anson F. Rainey, and Zeev Safrai, eds. The Carta Bible Atlas. Macmillan, 2002. A standard atlas that provides individual maps for many significant Bible events.
Beitzel, Barry J. Biblica the Bible Atlas: A Social and Historical Journey Through the Lands of the Bible. Global Book Publishing, 2006. A beautifully presented atlas with helpful surveys through the historical and geographical texts of the Bible. Evangelical.
Brisco, Thomas V. Holman Bible Atlas. Broadman & Holman, 1998. Up-to-date images, maps, and photos with running commentary. Evangelical.
*Rainey, Anson F. and R. Steven Notley. The Sacred Bridge. Carta’s Atlas of the Biblical World. Carta, 2015. Synthesizes both a comprehensive history of the Levant and a geographical study of the region, with the focus on the land of Israel during the biblical period. See the student edition, Carta’s New Century Handbook and Atlas of the Bible. Carta, 2007.
Rasmussen, Carl G. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible. Revised edition. Zondervan, 2010. Excellent on the “big picture” maps and perspectives of the terrain. Many large maps and color photos.
Rogerson, J. The Atlas of the Bible. Facts on File, 1985. Visually dazzling color photographs as well as discussion of geography and archaeology.
Useful teaching tools
Abingdon Bible Map Transparencies. Abingdon. This is a wonderful set of full color maps for both Old and New Testament events and places. One of the best for overhead projection.
Smith, George Adam. The Historical Geography of the Holy Land. 25th edition. Hodder & Stoughton, 1936; Harper & Row, 1966. This is an 1894 classic with vivid word pictures of the Holy Land.
Survey of Israel Maps. Survey of Israel, continuously updated. Hebrew and English. This is a set of scale 1:100000 maps that cover the entire area occupied by modern Israel. Includes all significant political and topographic features with many sites of antiquity noted.
Chavalas, Mark W. ed. The Ancient Near East: Historical Sources in Translation. Various specialists provide introduction and commentary as well as translation of key texts.
*Hallo, William W. and K. Lawson Younger, Jr. (eds.). The Context of Scripture. Volume 1. Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World. Brill, 1997. Volume 2. Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World. Brill, 2000. Volume 3. Archival Documents from the Biblical World. Brill, 2002. Volume 4. Supplements. Brill, 2016. This is the new Pritchard (see next entry) as a current compendium of ancient Near Eastern texts in English. There is an abundance of footnotes and cross references to biblical texts.
Pritchard, J.B. (ed.). Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. 3rd. ed. Princeton University Press, 1969. Two volumes of a paperback epitome of this larger volume have also appeared.
*Society of Biblical Literature Writings from the Ancient World. A multi-volume series that continues to grow and to present full translations with notes (and sometimes transliterations) of texts from the across the ancient Near East.
Sparks, Kenton L. Ancient Texts for the Study of the Hebrew Bible: A Guide to the Background Literature. Hendrickson, 2005. A superb introduction and commentary on the most important ancient Near Eastern literature related to the Bible; with full and complete bibliographies.
*Arnold, Bill T., and Brent A. Strawn eds. The World around the Old Testament. Baker Academic, 2016. Leading scholars provide excellent review of the thirteen major people groups connected with the Israelites.
Briant, Pierre. From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2002. At more than 1,000 pages this corrected English translation represents the best synthesis on the Persian Empire.
Collins, Billie Jean. The Hittites and Their World. Society of Biblical Literature, 2007. An up-to-date review of the history and society of ancient Anatolia.
Hallo, W.W., and W.K. Simpson. The Ancient Near East: A History. Second edition. Wadsworth, 1997. One of the most widely used brief histories.
*Van de Mieroop, Marc. A History of the Ancient Near East: ca. 3000-323 BC. Second edition. Wiley-Blackwell, 2006. The most readable and current survey of the subject.
*Younger, Jr., K. Lawson. A Political History of the Arameans: From Their Origins to the End of Their Polities. SBL, 2016. The most thorough critical study of the origins and history of the Arameans.
Brown, F., S.R. Driver, and C.A. Briggs. Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Hendrickson, 1979. The best of the older lexicons.
Clines, David J. A. (ed.). The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. 9 vols. (Volume 9 is the index) Sheffield Academic Press, 1993-2016. Only major and complete English language lexicon of biblical Hebrew. Designed for a contextual and usage approach to understanding the meaning of words.
Clines, David J. A. (ed.). The Concise Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. Sheffield Phoenix, 2009. An abridgement of The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew.
Holladay, W.L. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Eerdmans, 1971. Useful, quick reference.
*Koehler, L., and W. Baumgartner et al. (eds.). The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 3rd ed. 5 vols. Brill, 1994-2001; Study edition, 2 vols. Brill, 2001. A translation of the most complete Hebrew and Aramaic German lexicon. New and less expensive versions of this lexicon are being produced.
*Botterweck, G. J., H. Ringgren, H.-J. Fabry (eds.). Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. Eerdmans, 1977-2006. Fifteen volumes have appeared in English translation. The standard work.
Harris, R.L., G.L. Archer, Jr., and B.K. Waltke (eds.). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. 2 vols. Moody, 1980. Brief discussions from an Evangelical perspective.
*VanGemeren, Willem A. (ed.). New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis. 5 vols. Zondervan, 1997. The most recent and complete Evangelical contribution.
*Accordance at accordancebible.com. Gramcord. The most comprehensive computer concordance for Masoretic Text, Septuagint, and English versions.
*Even-Shoshan, E. A New Concordance of the Old Testament Using the Hebrew and Aramaic Text. 2nd edition. Baker, 1989. The best concordance for the Hebrew text of the Old Testament.
Goodrick, E.W., and J.R. Kohlenberger, III. The NIV Exhaustive Concordance. Zondervan, 1990.
*Dallaire, Hélène M. Biblical Hebrew: A Living Language. Second edition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2017. Applies second language acquisition techniques; with illustrations, devotionals, and a website www.biblicalhebrew-livinglanguage.com that includes teaching Videos, teaching PowerPoints, visual vocabulary PowerPoints, audio files, etc.
Kelley, P. Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar. Eerdmans, 1992. Continues and updates the Weingreen approach to learning Hebrew.
Pratico, G. D. and M. V. Van Pelt. Basics of Biblical Hebrew. Zondervan, 2001. Systematic approach to the grammar and basic syntax of Biblical Hebrew. Accompanied by a CD with answer key to Workbook exercises, Visual aids for each lesson, Audio for vocabulary, and Flashworks for vocabulary.
Dobson, John H. Learn Biblical Hebrew. Baker, 2005. Introductory textbook based on second language acquisition methods (e.g., oral & aural, listening comprehension, reading).
Ross, Allen P. Introducing Biblical Hebrew. Baker, 2001. A thorough introductory grammar.
Seow, C. L. A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew. Revised edition. Abingdon, 1995. Continues and updates the Lambdin approach to learning Hebrew.
Arnold, Bill T. and John H. Choi, A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. The book contains a clear and brief description of all majore elements of grammar and syntax in biblical Hebrew, including nouns, verbs, particles, clauses and sentences.
Benner, Jeff A., Hebrew Text and Lexicon of Genesis. College Station, TX: Virtualbookworm.com Publishing, Inc., 2007. The book contains the whole Hebrew text of Genesis plus a glossary of Hebrew words. Recommended for anyone who wishes to work directly from the Hebrew text, with a word list close at hand.
Goldstein, Jessica W., The First Hebrew Reader: Guided Selections from the Hebrew Bible. Berkely, CA: EKS Publishing Co, 2000. This book includes short Biblical Hebrew texts with grammatical analysis of words in context. Recommended for anyone who wishes to read short portions of text and focus on grammatical forms.
Hoffer, Victoria, Biblical Hebrew: Supplement for Enhanced Comprehension. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 2005. Each lesson covers one or two verses from the Hebrew Scriptures and provides instructions and exercises for the grammar of the text.
Pratico, G.D. and M.V. Van Pelt, Graded Reader of Biblical Hebrew. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2006. This is an excellent tool to study short passages from the Hebrew Scriptures. Short Hebrew texts are chosen from Law, Prophets and Writings. Each chapter includes the Hebrew text with glossary and a grammatical commentary on the text.
*Van Der Merwe, Christo H. J., Jackie A. Naudé, and Jan H. Kroeze. A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar. Sheffield, 1999. An affordable, indexed study incorporating recent insights of linguistics.
Zvi, Ehud Ben, Maxine Hancock and Richard Beinert, Readings in Biblical Hebrew: An Intermediate Textbook. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1993. This book includes Biblical Hebrew texts with grammatical analysis and grammar/syntax exercises.
Cowley, A.E., and E. Kautzsch (eds.). Gesenius’ Hebrew Grammar. 2d Eng. edition. Oxford, 1910. Traditionally the best of the reference grammars.
*Dallaire, Hélène M., Benjamin J. Noonan and Jennifer E. Noonan (eds.). “Where Shall Wisdom Be Found?” A Grammatical Tribute to Professor Stephen A. Kaufman on the Occasion of His Retirement from Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2017. Leading grammarians contribute an up-to-date synthesis of research on all major Hebrew grammar topics.
Waltke, B.K., and M. O’Connor. An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax. Eisenbrauns, 1990. An integration of modern linguistic approaches.
Chisholm, Jr., Robert B. From Exegesis to Exposition: A Practical Guide to Using Biblical Hebrew. Baker, 1998. Evangelical guidance for translating Hebrew data from the Bible to a meaningful sermon.
Stuart, Douglas. Old Testament Exegesis. A Handbook for Students and Pastors. 3rd edition. Westminster John Knox, 2001 Important principles and a guide to other studies for interpreting the Hebrew text and applying it to sermons.
Barton, John. Holy Writings, Sacred Text. The Canon in Early Christianity. Westminster John Knox, 1997. An important historical survey of the idea and definition of the biblical canon.
Beckwith, R., The Old Testament Canon of the New Testament Church. Eerdmans, 1985. An affirmation of the Old Testament canon.
Brotzman, E. Old Testament Textual Textual Criticism: A Practical Introduction. Baker, 1994. Good Evangelical introduction for the beginner. Special guides for using Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia.
Evans, Craig A. and Emanuel Tov (eds.). Exploring the Origins of the Bible: Canon Formation in Historical, Literary, and Theological Perspective. Baker, 2008. Four important essays on the Old Testament canon provide an essential introduction.
*Jobes, Karen H. and Moisés Silva, Invitation to the Septuagint. Baker, 2000. Second edition, 2015. A reliable and readable introduction to the Greek translation of the Old Testament.
Tov, Emmanuel, The Text-Critical Use of the Septuagint in Biblical Research: Completely Revised and Expanded Th