Faculty/Staff Directory

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Craig Blomberg, PhD

Distinguished Professor of New Testament

Distinguished Professor of New Testament

Dr. Craig Blomberg joined the faculty of Denver Seminary in 1986. He is currently a distinguished professor of New Testament.

Dr. Blomberg completed his PhD in New Testament, specializing in the parables and the writings of Luke-Acts, at Aberdeen University in Scotland. He received an MA from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, and a BA from Augustana College. Before joining the faculty of Denver Seminary, he taught at Palm Beach Atlantic College and was a research fellow in Cambridge, England with Tyndale House.

In addition to writing numerous articles in professional journals, multi-author works and dictionaries or encyclopedias, he has authored or edited 20 books, including The Historical Reliability of the Gospels, Interpreting the Parables, commentaries on Matthew, 1 Corinthians and James, Jesus and the Gospels: An Introduction and Survey, From Pentecost to Patmos: An Introduction to Acts through Revelation, Christians in an Age of Wealth: A Biblical Theology of Stewardship, Neither Poverty nor Riches: A Biblical Theology of Possessions, Making Sense of the New Testament: Three Crucial Questions, Preaching the Parables, Contagious Holiness: Jesus’ Meals with Sinners, and Handbook of New Testament Exegesis.

New Testament (esp. Matthew, parables, miracles, historical Jesus, Luke-Acts, John, 1 Corinthians, James), the historical trustworthiness of Scripture, biblical teaching on money and stewardship, gender roles, Mormonism, hermeneutics and exegetical method.

Books Authored

  • Craig L. Blomberg and Darlene M. Seal, with Alicia S. Duprée, From Pentecost to Patmos: An Introduction to Acts through Revelation, 2nd edition (Nashville: B & H; London: IVP, 2021).
  • A New Testament Theology. Baylor: Baylor University Press, 2018.
  • The Historical Reliability of the New Testament: Countering the Challenges to Evangelical Christian Beliefs. Nashville: B & H Academic, 2016.
  • Can We Still Believe the Bible? An Evangelical Engagement with Contemporary Questions. Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2014.
  • Christians in an Age of Wealth: A Biblical Theology of Stewardship. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013.
  • Interpreting the Parables. 2nd ed. Downers Grove: IVP, 2012.
  • Jesus and the Gospels, Revised Edition. Nashville: Broadman & Holman; Nottingham: IVP, 2009.
  • The Historical Reliability of the Gospels. Nottingham: Apollos; Downers Grove: IVP, rev. 2007.
  • From Pentecost to Patmos: An Introduction to Acts through Revelation. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2006. Korean translation, 2010; Spanish translation, 2012.
  • Contagious Holiness: Jesus’ Meals with Sinners. Leicester and Downers Grove: IVP, 2005.
  • Preaching the Parables: From Responsible Interpretation to Powerful Proclamation. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004.
  • Making Sense of the New Testament: 3 Crucial Questions. Grand Rapids: Baker; Leicester: IVP, 2004. Korean translation 2005; Spanish translation, 2009; Portuguese translation, 2009; Romanian translation, 2016.
  • The Historical Reliability of John’s Gospel: Issues and Commentary. Leicester and Downers Grove: IVP, 2001.
  • Heart, Soul and Money: A Christian View of Possessions. Joplin, MO: College Press, 2000.
  • Neither Poverty Nor Riches: A Biblical Theology of Possessions. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans; Leicester: IVP, 1999. French translation, 2001; Spanish translation, 2003; Portuguese translation, 2009; Italian translation, 2012.
  • Jesus and the Gospels: An Introduction and Survey. Nashville: Broadman; Leicester: IVP, 1997. German translation, 2000; Korean translation, 2008; Portuguese translation, 2009.
  • How Wide the Divide?  A Mormon and an Evangelical in Conversation, with Stephen E. Robinson. Downers Grove: IVP, 1997.
  • 1 Corinthians [NIV Application Commentary]. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994. Spanish translation, 2012.
  • Matthew [New American Commentary]. Nashville: Broadman, 1992.
  • Interpreting the Parables. Downers Grove and Leicester: IVP, 1990. Korean translation, 1996; German translation, 1998; Russian translation 2005.
  • The Historical Reliability of the Gospels. Leicester and Downers Grove: IVP, 1987. German translation, 1998.

Books Co-Authored

  • Resurrection: Faith or Fact? A Scholars’ Debate Between a Skeptic and a Christian, with Carl Stecher; with responses by Richard Carrier and Peter S. Williams. Durham, NC: Pitchstone Press, 2019.
  • Introduction to Biblical Interpretation, with William W. Klein and Robert L. Hubbard, Jr. Dallas: Word, 1993. Korean translation, 1999. Rev. ed. Nashville: Nelson, 2004. Chinese translation, 2005. Indonesian translation, 2013. 3rd ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017.
  • Effective Generational Ministry: Biblical and Practical Insights for Transforming Church Communities, with Elisabeth A. Nesbit. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2015.
  • Handbook of New Testament Exegesis, with Jennifer Markley. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2010. Korean translation, 2012.
  • James, with Mariam J. Kamell [Zondervan Exegetical Commentary]. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008. Korean translation, 2014.

Books Co-Edited

  • A Case for Historic Premillennialism, co-edited with Sung Wook Chung. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2009. Korean translation, 2014.
  • Two Views of Women in Ministry, co-edited with James R. Beck. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001.
  • Solid Ground: 25 Years of Evangelical Theology, ed. Carl P. Trueman, Tony J. Gray and Craig L. Blomberg. Leicester: IVP, 2000.
  • Gospel Perspectives, vol. 6, co-ed. with David Wenham. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1986.

Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Articles

  • “The Choice and High Calling of Marriage and Singleness,” in Marriage: its Foundation, Theology, and Mission in a Changing World, Curt Hamner, John Trent, Rebekah Byrd, Eric L. Johnson and Erik Thoennes (Chicago: Moody, 2019), 89-107.
  • “Does the Quest for the Historical Jesus Still Hold Any Promise?” in Evangelical Scholarship, Retrospects and Prospects: Essays in Honor of Stanley N. Gundry, ed. Dirk R. Buursma, Katya Covrett and Verlyn Verbrugge (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017), 157-71.
  • “Discovering the Historical Jesus in the Gospels,” in Understanding the Gospels: A Guide for Preaching and Teaching [Darrell L. Bock Festschrift], ed. Herbert W. Bateman IV andBenjamin I. Simpson (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2017), 205-17.
  • “How to Approach Apparent Contradictions in the Gospels: A Response to Michael Licona,” Christian Research Journal 40.2 (2017): 44-51.
  • “When Ockham’s Razor Shaves Too Closely: A Necessarily Complex Model of the Development of the Jesus Tradition,” in the David Garland Festschrift, ed. Todd Still (Waco: Baylor University Press, 2017), 53-69, 193-200.
  • “Common Exegetical Fallacies in New Testament Scholarship Rectifiable through External Evidence,” in The Language and Literature of the New Testament: Essays in Honour of Stanley E. Porter’s 60th Birthday, ed. Craig A. Evans, Lois Dow and Andrew Pitts (Leiden: Brill, 2016), 726-41.
  • “Reflections on Jesus’ View of the Old Testament,” in The Enduring Authority of the Christian Scriptures, ed. D. A. Carson (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 669-701.
  • “‘True Righteousness and Holiness’: The Image of God in the New Testament,” in The Image of God in an Image-Driven Age: Explorations in Theological Anthropology, ed. Beth Felker Jones and Jeffrey W. Barbeau (Downers Grove: IVP, 2016), 66-87.
  • “The Family Values of the Synoptic Gospels: Not Quite Your Standard Conservative Agenda,” Criswell Theological Review n.s. 13 (2016): 61-76.
  • “James, Epistle of (Modern Europe and America 1600—Present),” with Darlene M. Seal, for Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, ed. Hans-Josef Klauck, et al., vol. 11 (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2016).
  • “The Sayings of Jesus in Mark: Does Mark Ever Rely on a Pre-Johannine Tradition,” in The Origins of John’s Gospel, ed. Stanley E. Porter and Hughson T. Yong (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016), 81-98.
  • “Unveiling Revelation and a Landmark Commentary Series,” in Let Us Reason Together: Essays in Honor of the Life’s Work of Robert L. Millet, ed. J. Spencer Fluhman and Brent L. Top (Salt Lake City: Deseret; Provo: BYU Religious Studies Center and the Neal Maxwell Institute, 2015), 205-28.
  • “Looking Ahead: My Dreams for Mormon-Evangelical Dialogues,” in Talking Doctrine: Mormons and Evangelicals in Conversation, ed. Richard Mouw and Robert L. Millet (Downers Grove: IVP, 2015), 33-37.
  • “How Many Gods?  Mormons and Evangelicals Discussing the Debate,” in ibid., 113-24.
  • “Why a Tithe to Their Church Is Not Nearly Enough for Most Middle-Class Western Christians,” in Human Flourishing through Economic Discipleship, ed. Dieumeme E. Noelliste and Don J. Payne (Littleton, CO: Denver Seminary Grounds Institute of Public Ethics, 2014), 44-57.
  • “Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: History, Beliefs, Practices,” in Handbook of Religion: A Christian Engagement with Traditions, Teachings, and Practices, ed. Terry C. Muck, Harold A. Netland, and Gerald R. McDermott (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2014), 463-67.
  • “Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Theological Exchanges, Current Issues,” in ibid., 468-71.
  • “Quotations, Allusions, and Echoes of Jesus in Paul,” Studies in the Pauline Epistles: Festschrift for Douglas J. Moo, ed. Matt Harmon and Jay Smith (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014), 129-43.
  • “The Historical Jesus from the Synoptics and the Fourth Gospel? Jesus the Purifier,” in The Message of Jesus: John Dominic Crossan and Ben Witherington III in Dialogue, ed. Robert B. Stewart (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2013),163-79.
  • “The Parable of the Good Samaritan: Redefining ‘Israelite’ or Redefining ‘Neighbour’?” Foundations 64 (May 2013): 24-37.
  • “Jesus, Sinners and Table Fellowship,” Bulletin for Biblical Research 19 (2009): 35-62.
  • “The Posttribulationism of the New Testament: Leaving Left Behind Behind,” in A Case for Historic Premillennialism, ed. Craig L. Blomberg and Sung Wook Chung (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2009), 61-87.
  • “‘But We See Jesus’: The Relationship between the Son of Man in Hebrews 2:6 and Verse 9 and the Implications for English Translations,” in A Cloud of Witnesses: The Theology of Hebrews in Its Ancient Contexts, ed. RichardBauckham, Daniel Driver, Trevor Hart, and Nathan MacDonald (London: T&T Clark, 2008), 88-99.
  • “Jesus of Nazareth: How Historians Can Know Him and Why It Matters,” for the Christian Campus Initiative, posted at www.gospelcoalition.org (2008).
  • “God and Money: A Biblical Theology of Possessions,” in A Revolution in Generosity: Transforming  Stewards To Be Rich Toward God, ed. Wesley K. Willmer (Chicago: Moody, 2008), 45-62.
  • “Matthew,” in Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, ed. D. A. Carson and Gregory K. Beale (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007), 1-109.
  • “On Building and Breaking Barriers: Forgiveness, Salvation and Christian Counseling with Special Reference to Matthew 18:15-35,” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 25 (2006): 137-54
  • “The Most Often Abused Verses in the Sermon on the Mount-And How to Treat Them Right,” Southwestern Journal of Theology 46 (2004): 1-17.
  • “Women in Ministry: A Complementarian Perspective,” Two Views of Women in Ministry, ed. James R. Beck (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, rev. 2005), 123-89.
  • “The New Testament Concept of Salvation: An Evangelical Christian Perspective,” in Salvation in Christ: Comparative Christian Views,ed. Roger R. Keller and Robert L. Millet(Provo: Religious Studies Center, BYU, 2005), 29-51.
  • Today’s New International Version: The Untold Story of a Good Translation,” in Perspectives on the TNIV from Leading Scholars and Pastors (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004), 85-115; Bible Translator 56 (2005): 187-211.
  • “Better Things in This Case: The Superiority of Today’s New International Version in Hebrews,” Bible Translator 55 (2004) 310-18.
  • “John and Jesus,” in The Face of New Testament Studies, ed. Scot McKnight and Grant R. Osborne (Grand Rapids: Baker; Leicester: IVP, 2004), 209-26.
  • “Messiah in the New Testament,” in Israel’s Messiah in the Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls, ed. Richard S. Hess and M. Daniel Carroll R. (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003), 111-41.
  • “Applying 1 Corinthians in the Early Twenty-First Century,” Southwestern Journal of Theology 45 (2002): 19-38.
  • “Interpreting Old Testament Prophetic Literature in Matthew: Double Fulfillment,” Trinity Journal 23 (2002): 17-33.
  • “The New Testament Definition of Heresy (or When Do Jesus and the Apostles Really Get Mad?)” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 45 (2002): 59-72. Spanish translation in Kairós 39 (2006) 37-59.
  • “Is Mormonism Christian?” in The New Mormon Challenge, ed. Carl Mosser, Paul Owen and Frank T. Beckwith (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 315-32.
  • “The Synoptic Problem: Where We Stand at the Start of a New Century,” in Rethinking the Synoptic Problem, ed. David A. Black and David Beck (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2001), 17-40.
  • “The Historical Reliability of John: Rushing in Where Angels Fear to Tread?” in Jesus in Johannine Tradition, ed. Robert T. Fortna and Tom Thatcher (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001), 71-82.
  • “Where Should Twenty-First-Century Evangelical Biblical Scholarship Be Heading?” Bulletin for Biblical Research 11 (2001): 161-71.
  • “Neither Hierarchicalist nor Egalitarian: Gender Roles in Paul,” in ibid., 329-72; Rev. ed. In Paul and His Theology, ed. Stanley E. Porter (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2006), 283-326.
  • “The Diversity of Literary Genres,” revised, in Interpreting the New Testament, ed. David A. Black and David S. Dockery (Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2001), 272-95.
  • “The Past, Present and Future of American Evangelical Theological Scholarship” in ibid., 310-19.
  • “Las posesiones materiales en el cristianismo primitivo,” Kairós 25 (1999): 7-27.
  • “Las posesiones materiales en la enseñanza de Jesús según los Evangelios Sinópticos,” Kairós 24 (1999): 7-29.
  • “El antiguo testamento y las posesiones materiales,” Kairós 23 (1998): 53-73.
  • “Give Me Neither Poverty Nor Riches: A New Testament Theology of Material Possessions,” Stone-Campbell Journal 2 (1999): 209-26.
  • “Eschatology and the Church: Some New Testament Perspectives,” Themelios 23.3 (1998) 3-26; repr. in Solid Ground: 25 Years of Evangelical Theology, ed. Carl P. Trueman, Tony J. Gray and Craig L. Blomberg (Leicester: IVP, 2000): 84-107.
  • “The Christian and the Law of Moses,” in Witness to the Gospel: The Theology of Acts, ed. I. Howard Marshall and David Peterson (Grand Rapids and Cambridge: Eerdmans, 1998), 397-416.
  • “Poetic Fiction, Subversive Speech, and Proportional Analogy in the Parables,” Horizons in Biblical Theology 18 (1996): 115-32.
  • “The Globalization of Biblical Hermeneutics,” in Evangelical Hermeneutics, ed. Michael Bauman and David Hall (Camp Hill, PA: Christian Publications, 1995), 31-51; also in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 38 (1995): 581-93.
  • “The Globalization of Biblical Interpretation-A Test Case: John 3-4,” Bulletin of Biblical Research 5 (1995): 1-15.
  • “The Kingdom of God and Evangelical Theological Education,” Didaskalia 6.2 (1995): 14-35.
  • “Interpreting the Synoptic Gospels for Preaching,” Faith and Mission 12 (1994): 22-43.
  • “Where Do We Start Studying Jesus?” in Jesus under Fire, ed. Michael J. Wilkins and J. P. Moreland (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1995), 17-50.
  • “Critical Issues in New Testament Studies for Evangelicals Today,” in A Pathway into the Holy Scripture, ed. Philip E. Satterthwaite and David F. Wright (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994), 51-79.
  • “The Seventy-Four ‘Scholars’: Who Does the Jesus Seminar Really Speak For?” Christian Research Journal 17.2 (1994): 32-38.
  • “The Historical Reliability of the New Testament,” in Reasonable Faith by William L. Craig (Wheaton: Crossway, 1994), 193-231.
  • “Historical Criticism of the New Testament,” in Foundations for Biblical Interpretation, ed. David S. Dockery, Kenneth A. Mathews, and Robert B. Sloan (Nashville: Broadman, 1994), 414-33.
  • “The Parables of Jesus: Current Trends in Needs and Research,” in Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluation of the State of Current Research, ed. Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans (Leiden: Brill, 1994), 231-54.
  • ” ‘Your Faith Has Made You Whole’: The Evangelical Liberation Theology of Jesus,” in Jesus of Nazareth, Lord and Christ, ed. Joel B. Green and Max Turner (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994), 75-93.
  • “The Implications of Globalization for Biblical Understanding,” in The Globalization of Theological Education, ed. Robert A. Evans, Alice F. Evans, and David Roozen (Maryknoll: Orbis, 1993), 213-28, 240-45.
  • “To What Extent is John Historically Reliable?” in Perspectives on John: Method and Interpretation in the Fourth Gospel, ed. Robert B. Sloan and Mikeal C. Parsons (Lewiston: Mellen, 1993), 27-56.
  • “The Image of God in Humanity: A Biblical-Psychological Perspective,” with R. Ward Wilson, Themelios 18.3 (1993): 8-15.
  • “On Wealth and Worry: Matthew 6:19-34-Meaning and Significance,” Criswell Theological Review 6 (1992): 73-89.
  • “Degrees of Reward in the Kingdom of Heaven?” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 35 (1992): 159-72.
  • “The Liberation of Illegitimacy: Women and Rulers in Matthew 1-2,” Biblical Theology Bulletin 21 (1991): 145-50.
  • “The Sabbath as Fulfilled in Christ,” in The Sabbath in Jewish and Christian Traditions, ed. Tamara Eskenazi, Daniel Harrington, and William Shea (Denver: Denver University Center for Judaic Studies, 1991), 122-28.
  • “The Diversity of Literary Genres in the New Testament,” in New Testament Criticism and Interpretation, ed. David A. Black and David S. Dockery (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1991), 507-32.
  • “Interpreting the Parables of Jesus: Where Are We and Where Do We Go From Here?” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 53 (1991): 50-78.
  • “Marriage, Divorce, Remarriage and Celibacy: An Exegesis of Matthew 19:3-12,” Trinity Journal n.s. 11 (1990): 161-96.
  • “New Testament Genre Criticism for the 1990s,” Themelios 15 (1990): 40-49.
  • “The Structure of 2 Corinthians 1-7,” Criswell Theological Review 4 (1989): 3-20.
  • “Elijah, Election, and the Use of Malachi in the New Testament,” Criswell Theological Review 2 (1987): 99-117.
  • “Synoptic Studies: Some Recent Methodological Developments and Debate,” Themelios 12 (1987) 38-46.  Repr. in The Best of Theology, vol. 2, ed. Paul Fromer (carol Stream, IL: Christianity Today Inc., 1988), 117-35.
  • “Concluding Reflections on Miracles and Gospel Perspectives,” in ibid., 443-57.
  • “The Miracles as Parables,” in ibid., 327-59.
  • “The Legitimacy and Limits of Harmonization,” in Hermeneutics, Authority, and Canon, ed. D. A. Carson & John D. Woodbridge (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986), 135-74.
  • “The New Testament Miracles and Higher Criticism: Climbing Up the Slippery Slope?” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 27 (1984): 425-38.
  • “Tradition and Redaction in the Parables of the Gospel of Thomas,” in Gospel Perspectives, vol. 5, ed. David Wenham (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985), 177-205.
  • “The Law in Luke-Acts,” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 22 (1984): 53-80.
  • “Preaching the Parables: Preserving Three Main Points,” Perspectives in Religious Studies 11 (1984): 31-41.
  • “When Is A Parallel Really A Parallel?  A Test Case: The Lucan Parables,” Westminster Theological Journal 46 (1984): 78-103.
  • “Midrash, Chiasmus, and the Outline of Luke’s Central Section,” in Gospel Perspectives, vol. 3, ed. R. T. France & David Wenham (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1983), 217-61.
  • “New Horizons in Parable Research,” Trinity Journal, n. s. 3 (1982): 3-17.
  • “The Burden of Proof,” with Stewart C. Goetz, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 11 (1981): 39-63.

General Articles

  • “Beyond Ten Percent,” in Giving Our All: How Pastors Can Cultivate and Model Generosity, ed. Kelli B. Trujillo (Carol Stream, IL: Christianity Today, 2021), 56-60.
  • “The Fourth Gospel and a Fourth Quest of the Historical Jesus,” Journal of Gospels and Acts Research 5 (2021): 82-107.
  • “A Theology of Money,” Youth Worker Journal 24.2 (2008): 50-53.
  • “Canonical and Apocryphal Gospels: How Historically Reliable Are They?” From Athens to Jerusalem 6.3 (2006): 1-7.
  • “This Faith is Mine,” in College Faith 2, ed. Ronald A. Knott (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2004), 36-37.
  • “Mastering Mammon,” Christian Reflection 9 (2003): 19-26.
  • “Is Affluence Good?” Faith and Economics 40 (Fall 2002): 11-14.
  • “Dream Job,” Journal for Case Teaching 5 (1993): 67-70.
  • “How the Church Can Turn the Other Cheek and Still Be Political,” Southern Baptist Public Affairs 2.1 (1990): 10-12.
  • “Response to Catherine Kroeger: 1 Timothy 2,” Journal of Biblical Equality 1 (1989): 44-49.
  • “The Four Evangelists,” and “Jesus the Miracle Worker,” in Jesus 2000, ed. Robin Keely (Oxford: Lion, 1989), 42-48, 82-87.

Review Articles

  • “Mission in the Bible: Non-existent in the Old Testament but Ubiquitous in the New? A Review Article,” Themelios 32.2 (2007): 62-74.
  • “An Evangelical Response to Alexander and Kurka,” in Evangelicalism and the Stone-Campbell Movement, ed. William R. Baker (Downers Grove: IVP, 2002) 152-58.
  • “Introducing the New Testament: Its Literature and Theology-A Review Article,” Themelios 27 (2002) 19-22.
  • “The Wright Stuff: A Critical Review of Jesus and the Victory of God,” in Jesus and the Restoration of Israel, ed. Carey C. Newman (Downers Grove: IVP, 1999) 19-39.
  • “Sizing Up the Divide: Reviews and Replies,” BYU Studies 38 (1999) 163-90 (“Response” section-176-83).
  • “The Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith: Harmony or Conflict?” in Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up? ed. Paul Copan (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998) 99-116.
  • “Not Beyond What Is Written: A Review of Aída Spencer’s Beyond the Curse,” Criswell Theological Review 3 (1988) 403-21.

Dictionary Entries

  • “Materialism,” in The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 3, ed. Katharine D. Sakenfeld (Nashville: Abingdon, 2008), 835-36.
  • “The Unity and Diversity of Scripture,” in New Dictionary of Biblical Theology, ed. T. D. Alexander and Brian S. Rosner (Leicester and Downers Grove: IVP, 2000) 64-72.
  • “Form Criticism,” “Gospels (Historical Reliability),” and “Healing,” in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, ed. Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, I. Howard Marshall (Leicester & Downers Grove: IVP, 1992) 243-50, 291-98, 299-307.

Bible Translation and Notes

  • “Matthew” notes in NIV Zondervan Study Bible, ed. D. A. Carson (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015).
  • “John,” in the Apologetics Study Bible, ed. J. P. Moreland (Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 2007), 1567-1618.